Everything you need to know about baby colic.
Nothing despairs a mother more than the crying of her child. And that is one of the most immediate effects of colic on the baby.
Which is manifested by a continuous cry with no apparent reason. Here you’ll find helpful tips on how to avoid baby colic, as well as the signs and cause of baby colic.
What is a baby colic
Colic is described by the mayoclinic as:
“Frequent, prolonged, and intense crying or fussiness in a healthy infant.”
Infant colic is a very common condition. Colic usually starts two weeks after the birth, or a few weeks later in the case of a premature infant.
It is a condition in which a well-fed baby can cry for more than three hours in a row, every day, for more than three days a week or more than three weeks.
If your baby has colic you can easily notice because, at this young age, the symptoms they present are very obvious.
First, your baby starts to turn red, cries, clenches his fists, bends his back, and brings his knees up to his belly.
Although colic is not harmful, it is very bothersome for your baby.
If your baby cries – without calming down – and it has been previously confirmed with the pediatrician that his health is good,
Then it is likely that he is suffering from this temporary condition.
Colic hurts a lot and usually disappears when the baby is three or four months old.
Even if your baby is colicky, don’t be alarmed. He will continue to eat and gain weight normally.
The cause of so many tears and pain is because the baby’s stomach is still very immature and she is beginning to get used to the feeding she receives outside the womb.
Like an adult, babies suffer from colic that fills them with gas and causes them great discomfort.
One of the main myths is that colic in the baby appears when the baby takes formula milk in a bottle.
However, they can also appear with breastfeeding, although certainly, cow’s milk produces more gases than breast milk.
Beyond the type of milk, colic occurs when the baby is feeding and swallowing air.
This air stays in the baby’s stomach and can cause a lot of pain.
Also, this discomfort is usually stressed at night, which can get on the nerves of any new mother.
Baby colic signs and symptoms
1- Inconsolable crying intervals:
A colicky baby cries at about the same time every day, usually in the afternoon or at night.
Colic episodes can last as little as several minutes or go as long as three hours or more.
2- Intense crying:
The crying of colic sounds like a cry full of distress and is very intense, with a very high tone.
The baby’s face may become very red and it is very difficult to comfort him.
3- Crying occurs for no apparent reason:
It is very normal for babies to cry. A crying baby may mean that he needs a diaper change or to be fed, it may also be hot or cold.
On the other hand, when there is no reason for crying, it is very likely because of colic.
4- Position shift:
A colicky baby may have clenched fists, legs up toward the belly, and tight abdominal muscles.
The parents should try to calm the baby with gentle massage on the belly accompanied by delicate movements in the legs. This will help relieve colic and expel the gases.
The cause of baby colic
Below you can find some of the reasons that can be the cause of colic in babies.
Reflux is a condition in which a child has heartburn due to milk and stomach acid flowing into the esophagus.
2- Digestive problems:
Digestive problems may be due to protein and lactose intolerance
3- An immature digestive system in which the muscles of the intestine cause spasms.
4- Gases (air) in the intestinal tract.
5- Hormone levels are higher than normal: These hormones are known to cause the agitated condition or stomach pain.
6- Intense sensitivity to stimulation in the environment such as light, sound, etc.
7- An immature nervous system.
8- Too high or too low temperature.
With all this information, if your newborn baby has colic, you will be able to easily recognize it and thus act accordingly.
We remind you that your baby will need to be cared for and give him all the love in the world.
So that he can feel the security and calm that he needs to ease his discomfort.
What are the baby colic remedies
The routine of caring for a newborn can be exhausting.
For this reason, many parents when they have just fed, and the child finally falls asleep do not want to do anything other than put him to bed.
Here is the first mistake.
Even if your baby is falling asleep, he must expel the gases.
1- Gently pat him on the back
To make the baby expel the gases, you must hold him so that his belly is resting on your shoulder.
Once in place, with your curved hand, gently pat his empty back to help him expel the gas.
It’s also good to make an upward motion with your hands while patting them.
In this way, he will release the gases and remain relaxed in that position, making it easier for him to fall asleep as soon as he burps.
2- Move her legs
If after patting him on the back, you touch his belly and feel empty, hollow, or full of gases. It is best to lay him on a flat surface, such as your bed, and stretch and flex both legs at the same time about 10 times.
You can also stretch one leg while flexing the other, just like riding a bike.
Another option is to move both legs in a circular clockwise direction.
This flexing movement stimulates the intestine and helps to expel the gases that are caused by drinking milk.
It is equivalent to the healthy exercise that we adults do after eating to lower the food.
3- Gentle stomach massage
Stomach massages also help the baby expel the gas that causes colic.
You can stroke her belly with gentle upward movements or circular movements.
In fact, clockwise massage has been proven to relieve colic.
4- Anti-colic medications
If these techniques do not help your child overcome the pain caused by colic, then perhaps you should resort to the medications indicated for these cases.
It is best to consult your baby’s pediatrician who prescribes the anti-colic that your baby requires.
Which are usually supplied before each milk intake. This will help them expel the gases and prevent the appearance of colic.
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Baby Colic Book Recommendation
Colic Solved: The Essential Guide to Infant Reflux and the Care of Your Crying, Difficult-to- Soothe Baby
What you will learn from this book about baby colic:
• Recognize the seven signs of reflux in infancy.
• Discover the role of milk protein allergy–the other colic.
• Learn what, when, and how to feed an irritable baby and the best positions for sleep.
• Recognize the role of formula, breast milk, bottle systems, burping, and pacifiers in your baby’s fussiness, and irritability.
• Understand when and why your baby may need testing for reflux.
Weigh the pros and cons of available treatment options. Identify when a specialist is needed and where to find one.
Final Thoughts About Baby Colic
All these techniques to prevent the baby from suffering from colic should be used regularly.
You will see how its result is very effective and will help your child sleep better and you can face the daily tasks in good spirits.
As always, it is your baby’s pediatrician who can give you more information so that you can help your little one.
- How to Help Your Baby Sleep Through The Night
- How to Bond With a Baby: New Parents Guide
- The Ultimate Guide to Newborn Hygiene for New Parents